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在Ubuntu 10.10下安装最新版Gnome-Shell

时间:2011-01-12 10:10   来源:未知   复制分享 共有评论(0)条

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  本文将着重介绍在Ubuntu 10.10下安装最新版Gnome-Shell安装方法:

  1:安装依赖和下载设置脚本

  sudo apt-get install curl jhbuild libjasper-dev libdconf0 libtiff4-dev libgstreamer0.10-dev

  libcroco3-dev xserver-xephyr xulrunner-dev python-dev mesa-utils mesa-common-dev libreadline5-dev

  libgl1-mesa-dev libwnck-dev librsvg2-dev libgnome-desktop-dev libgnome-menu-dev

  libffi-dev libgtk2.0-dev libgconf2-dev libdbus-glib-1-dev gtk-doc-tools gnome-common

  git-core flex bison automake build-essential icon-naming-utils autopoint libcanberra-dev

  libpulse-dev libvorbis-dev gnome-settings-daemon-dev libxklavier-dev libpam0g-dev libtasn1-3-bin

  libupower-glib-dev libgnome-keyring-dev

  cd

  curl -O http://git.gnome.org/browse/gnome-shell/plain/tools/build/gnome-shell-build-setup.sh

  注意:如果你在使用Mozilla Daily PPA,你还得安装xulrunner-1.9.2-dev

  sudo apt-get install xulrunner-1.9.2-dev

  接下来进行2,3步,如果在2,3步遇到gjs编译的问题,你可以尝试把Mozilla Daily PPA给删除了,然后再重新执行下边的第2步

  sudo apt-get install ppa-purge

  sudo ppa-purge ppa:Ubuntu-mozilla-daily/ppa

  2 导出变量

  export PATH=$PATH:/home/username/bin

  username换成你的用户名

  3 开始编译

  cd

  chmod +x gnome-shell-build-setup.sh

  ./gnome-shell-build-setup.sh

  jhbuild build

  然后拿杯咖啡去享受或者继续完成其他工作吧,这个需要等待一段时间,具体长度视网速和机器性能

  还有,如果在编译中遇到以下问题:

  问题1:

  /home/andrei/gnome-shell/install/lib/libgio-2.0.so: undefined reference to `g_main_context_invoke’

  collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

  [...]

  *** Error during phase build of gnome-shell: ########## Error running make *** [24/28]

  解决办法:不要关闭当前终端,打开一个新终端,

  对于32位

  rm ~/gnome-shell/install/lib/*.la

  对于64位

  rm ~/gnome-shell/install/lib64/*.la

  然后回到原终端,重新运行

  jhbuild build

  可能会出现以下内容:

  [1] Rerun phase build

  [2] Ignore error and continue to install

  [3] Give up on module

  [4] Start shell

  [5] Reload configuration

  [6] Go to phase “wipe directory and start over”

  [7] Go to phase “configure”

  [8] Go to phase “clean”

  [9] Go to phase “distclean”

  在这里输入6,然后根据提示输入yes..不出意外,应该安装成功了,会收到如下的提示信息:

  *** success *** [28/28]

  问题2:

  ~/gnome-shell/source/gnome-settings-daemon/gnome-settings-daemon/main.c:274: undefined reference to `notify_init’

  collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

  make[3]: *** [gnome-settings-daemon] Error 1

  make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/arindom/gnome-shell/source/gnome-settings-daemon/gnome-settings-daemon’

  make[2]: *** [all] Error 2

  make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/arindom/gnome-shell/source/gnome-settings-daemon/gnome-settings-daemon’

  make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1

  make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/arindom/gnome-shell/source/gnome-settings-daemon’

  make: *** [all] Error 2

  *** Error during phase build of gnome-settings-daemon: ########## Error running make *** [26/28]

  解决办法:

  cd ~/bin

  ./jhbuild shell

  cd ~/gnome-shell/source

  git clone git://git.gnome.org/libnotify

  cd ./libnotify

  ./autogen.sh –prefix $HOME/gnome-shell/install/

  make && make install

  问题3:安装成功,却无法启动

  andrei@andrei-desktop:~$ ~/gnome-shell/source/gnome-shell/src/gnome-shell –replace

  mutter: symbol lookup error: /home/andrei/gnome-shell/install/lib/gtk-3.0/modules/libcanberra-gtk-module.so:

  undefined symbol: gtk_quit_add

  解决办法

  rm ~/gnome-shell/install/lib/gtk-3.0/modules/libcanberra-gtk-module.so

  4 尝试安装好的gnome-shell

  打开终端,输入

  ~/gnome-shell/source/gnome-shell/src/gnome-shell –replace

  退出gnome-shell:

  ALT+F2,输入

  debugexit

  5 升级gnome-shell

  cd && jhbuild build –force –clean

  如果遇到以前问题,解决就是了…如果遇到撞破头皮也搞不定的,兄弟…把$HOME里的gnome-shell都给删除了重新来一次吧

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